The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms

2022年2月3日更新:

1)修正若干词条例句在排版上的错误;
2)略微调整CSS文件。

mdx下载:

The Oxford Thesaurus.mdx (1.9 MB)
thesaurus.css (287 字节)


2022年1月27日更新:

谢谢 @random 对文本数据添加html标签,更正部分词头错误,在他制作的mdx基础上,我继续修正了一部分讹误,且略微调整。

1、参考dsl版本修复了大量法文字符错误;
2、对Colloq、Slang、Taboo、Archaic、Old-fashioned、Technical、Literary、“Brit, US, Australian, Canadian, New Zealand”这些原文的标注加了标签;
3、删除多余的“ → ”等内容;
4、略微修改html文件和css文件,命名更正规一些。


《The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms》是一本比较旧的书,首版于1991年,其简介如下:

First published in 1991, the very successful first edition of The Oxford Thesaurus has now sold over 126,000 copies. This new edition (NB new format), which for the first time includes antonyms in the main A-Z text, along with many additional new synonyms, broadens the book’s appeal stillfurther. The Oxford Thesaurus remains the most useful A-Z thesaurus available today, with more practical guidance for the user than any other competing title.Around 350,000 synonyms and antonyms, covering general English as well as thousands of regional and idiomatic words and expressions, are listed in A-Z form for ease of reference. Generous and detailed labelling shows how to use synonyms, and example sentences throughout make it even easier to select the correct synonym. The most useful synonyms (ie those that are closest in meaning to the headword) are listed first - a more helpful arrangement than a simple alphabetical listing under the headword.If the word for which you seek an alternative is not to be found as a headword, you can simply turn to the synonym index which lists 265,000 synonyms and shows you under which headword each synonym is located. In addition, all synonyms which also have their own headword entry (at which furtherrelated words may be found) are indicated by a simple cross-reference symbol.On the first edition:‘handier than Roget both in being alphabetical and in offering example-sentences. The mot juste in just a mo.’ Prof. Sir Randolph Quirk, The Observer.

9780198692157-us

我对它感兴趣,是因为有现成的文本,见 http://library.lol/main/EB901A391D2534E91F59817F1EF01CB7 ,且书本身品质与定位尚可,不像J. I. Rodale的The Synonym Finder那样浩繁芜杂,不是非母语人士可以轻易使用的,也不像牛津自己的learner、student同义词词典那么初阶简略。不过它原始形式是文本pdf,年代久了(2004年就有),制作不是很规范,导出word或者txt后都有各种很随意混乱的断行分段,于是用手工加正则进行了整理。

整理过程中,除了排版,也顺便纠正部分明显的讹误,比如法文字符,窜乱为 ° ý 的数字上标,但未曾全面核查,在此提请注意。

文本在清理之后,是比较规范的,加html标签,或者制作mdx,都不是很难,然而我个人喜欢plain文本格式用这种词典,所以初试了一下,尚未进一步加工,其他人感兴趣,可以继续完善。

摘录部分词条,形式如下所示:

abandon → v. 1 give up or over, yield, surrender, leave, cede, let go, deliver (up), turn over, relinquish: I can see no reason why we should abandon the house to thieves and vandals. 2 depart from, leave, desert, quit, go away from: The order was given to abandon ship. 3 desert, forsake, jilt, walk out on: He even abandoned his fianc‚e. 4 give up, renounce; discontinue, forgo, drop, desist, abstain from: She abandoned cigarettes and whisky after the doctor’s warning.

–n. 5 recklessness, intemperance, wantonness, lack of restraint, unrestraint: He behaved with wild abandon after he received the inheritance.

abandoned → adj. 1 left alone, forlorn, forsaken, deserted, neglected; rejected, shunned, cast off or aside, jilted, dropped, outcast: An abandoned infant was found on the church steps. Totally alone, she felt abandoned by her friends. 2 bad, immoral, amoral, wicked, sinful, evil, corrupt, unprincipled, unrestrained, uninhibited, reprobate; loose, wanton, debauched, wild, dissolute, dissipated, profligate; depraved, lewd, lascivious, flagitious: His abandoned behaviour soon landed him in jail.

abbreviate → v. 1 shorten, compress, contract, truncate, trim, reduce, curtail: We abbreviated some of the longer words to save space. 2 shorten, cut, condense, abridge, abstract, digest, epitomize, summarize, US synopsize: The school presented an abbreviated version of A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

abbreviated → adj. skimpy, brief, revealing: The dancers’ abbreviated costumes shocked some members of the audience.

abbreviation → n. initialism; acronym; shortening, contraction: UK is one kind of abbreviation, or initialism; NATO, which is pronounced as a word, is another, usually called an acronym.

abdicate → v. give up, renounce, disclaim, waive, disown, surrender, yield, relinquish, abandon, resign, quit: He abdicated all responsibility for care of the children. She abdicated the throne to marry a commoner.

abduct → v. kidnap, carry off, make away or off with, seize, Slang US snatch, grab: The child that was abducted is safe.

abet → v. 1 encourage, urge, instigate, incite, provoke, egg on, prod, goad; aid, help, assist: The jury found that his wife had abetted him in the murder. 2 countenance, approve (of), support, endorse, second, sanction, condone; further, advance, promote, uphold: By failing to inform on the terrorists, the neighbours abetted the bombing.

abeyance → n. in abeyance. pending, abeyant, reserved, in reserve, shelved, pushed or shoved or shunted aside, postponed, put off, suspended, US tabled; temporarily inactive, dormant; latent; Colloq in a holding pattern, on the back burner; Slang on hold, in the deep-freeze, on the shelf, on ice, hanging fire: Legal proceedings were held in abeyance so that talks could take place to reach an out-of-court settlement.

abhor → v. hate, loathe, detest, abominate, execrate; regard or view with horror or dread or fright or repugnance or loathing or disgust, shudder at, recoil or shrink from; be or stand aghast at: He said that he abhorred any violation of human rights.

abhorrent → adj. hateful, detestable, abhorred, abominable, contemptible, odious, loathsome, horrid, heinous, execrable, repugnant; repulsive, repellent, revolting, offensive, disgusting, horrifying, obnoxious: The idea of war was totally abhorrent to her.

html粗排效果:

The Oxford Thesaurus:An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms.txt (4.2 MB)

11 Likes

本词典初步统计有9119个词头(headword),我感觉其体量、定位与《Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus》比较类似,而其最新替代版可能是《Oxford Thesaurus of English》(Amazon.com: Oxford Thesaurus of English: 9780199560813: Varios Autores: Books ) 或者 The New Oxford thesaurus of English ( Index of /尚未整理/共享2020.5.11/content/1_english/3_Oxford series/New Oxford Thesaurus/ ) 。

这些同义词词典也比较有意思,不同的人/编者对同一个词的(最接近)同义词到底是什么好像持有颇不同的看法,他们都拿不准,我们这些非母语使用者心里可能更没谱,或许同时参考多个不同的词典是一个好的解决办法。

4 Likes

#SSID备份

有两本试读,但都无存货,点击SSID可前往试读页面。

ISBN10 0-19-869151-3

SSID 40997167
SSID 11252379

至于

年后上读秀扫描件,希望与已有的有些不同。

目前已有:

1 Like

libgen上有这本书 1997年Second Edition的扫描图像版,比较糊,算过时的图书了,Oxford Thesaurus of English应该是第三版,amazon上的风评颇佳。

1 Like

第三版《Oxford Thesaurus of English》的内容,可能收入了mdx词典“Oxford Thesaurus Online”( Index of /尚未整理/共享2020.5.11/content/1_english/3_Oxford series/Oxford Thesaurus Online/ ),共18253个词头,但这个mdx排版紧追网页版,字大行稀,电脑上用和其他词典很不协调,css几百行,自己改也麻烦,个人不怎么爱用。

3 Likes

css几百行是2019的。
隔壁2016的css不错,也是官网抓取的:
Oxford Thesaurus

(出处: 掌上百科 - PDAWIKI)

1 Like

谢谢,不过这种需要权限的链接建议慎发,你能看到并不意味着别人同样也能看到,我就没有pdawiki的账号。

3 Likes

2016和2019好像内容没差别

1 Like

online版因为不在乎书的页数和厚度了,内容可能更丰富,不过也失在繁芜和松散,不够精炼,其实《Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus》无论内容和版式都挺不错的,是mac系统上自带的同义词典。

2 Likes

你不早说
ote by cquark.zip (4.3 MB)

5 Likes

盼望早日做成mdx

1 Like

thes.css (203 Bytes)
The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms.mdx (1.9 MB)

更新2:
thes.css (237 Bytes)
The Oxford Thesaurus: An A-Z Dictionary of Synonyms.mdx (2.0 MB)


3 Likes

这个版本的数据要好多了(没有乱码)。 :smiley:
大家赶紧下这个版本! :innocent:

4 Likes

谢谢你的制作。“→”和“ 2.1 B =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= 2.2 babble… =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=”这些好像应该删除,纯文本里这些有区分、导引意义,在mdx里就没价值了。

1 Like

你发的词典应该和我用的文本pdf是同一个数据源,但制作者修正了不少原始文本里的错误,比如é这些法语字符,把有数字上标的同一个单词予以合并,我看下怎么把他的的这些校改吸收到我的文本里来。

1 Like

修正的话,可以基于mdx源码。(从原始文本手动改了几十个因为格式不一致导致遗失的词条)
mdx.txt (5.5 MB)

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谢谢,这些可以不删除,加个标签隐藏起来就行了,方便一键还原成plain text。我实际上比较偏爱那些不改变原始文本结构的mdx/html,格式转来转去比较便捷。

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目前应该不能互相转来转去。只能还原成 plain text… (因为有几十处标签是手动加的)

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DSL版本的一个优点是把Colloq、Slang、Taboo、Archaic、Old-fashioned、Technical、Literary、“Brit, US, Australian, Canadian, New Zealand”这些标注(label)加了标签突出显示,可以借鉴。这些你修还是我来修?你用不用github,大家分头改再合并会方便一些。

2 Likes

你修吧。这方面你应该更仔细。我不太在意这些。

词头跟其他版本对照,遗失的都已修正。其他细节方面没动力继续修了。 :joy:

1 Like