请教剑桥发音词典中的几个问题

最近使用剑桥发音词典,遇到问题不明白,词典的使用说明中也没找到,所以想请教行家。
词头上的那条竖线是什么意思呢?take,make等等有,可以理解,但lite没有,wary有,没搞明白。有的词头竖线,音标中也有,有的却没有。如make词头有竖线,音标中无,whimper是词头和音标中都有。


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这个符号是用来划分音节的,术语:音节化(Syllabification),至于wary为啥会分成war|y,请看Wikipedia English phonology条目:

According to one view, English is unusual in this regard, in that stressed syllables attract following consonants, so that ˈCVCV and ˈCVCCV syllabify as /ˈCVC.V/ and /ˈCVCC.V/, as long as the consonant cluster CC is a possible syllable coda; in addition, /r/ preferentially syllabifies with the preceding vowel even when both syllables are unstressed, so that CVrV occurs as /CVr.V/. However, this view is not widely accepted, as explained in the following section.
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给词头划分音节,对齐换行时就知道何处该加hyphen断开单词。而英文拼写和发音对不上,是学英文的两个真正的难点之一(另一个是短语动词),请看条目Syllabification:

However, possibly due to the weak correspondence between sounds and letters in the spelling of modern English, written syllabification in English is based mostly on etymological or morphological instead of phonetic principles. For example, it is not possible to syllabify "learning" as *lear-ning* according to the correct syllabification of the living language. Seeing only *lear-* at the end of a line might mislead the reader into pronouncing the word incorrectly, as the digraph *ea* can hold many different values. The history of English orthography accounts for such phenomena.
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多谢L大的详细讲解。对音节之类的一直似是而非的,现在想系统重新学习一下。有什么什么比较容易上手的中文版书籍推荐一下,英文版的学这些总感觉不过瘾似的。谢谢!

书籍我不知道,但音节划分最合理的是韦氏,最适合根据发音记单词,查phenomenal

蓝色标记处是断字符,红色标记处是音节划分

如果是学习美语的话,韦氏发音真是不二之选

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谢谢!受教了